WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (HYPERTENSION)?
every heartbeat, blood circulates and presses against the walls
of your arteries (blood vessels). Blood pressure is
the measurement of the force of the blood against the walls of the
their resistance. If this force is stronger
than it should be, it is called hypertension or high blood pressure.
Hypertension is known as the "Silent Killer" because it usually
produces NO symptoms.
Blood pressure measurement
HOW DO I KNOW IF MY BLOOD PRESSURE
IS NORMAL OR TOO HIGH?
blood pressure can be taken by a health care professional. The
procedure will reveal two numbers which will indicate your blood
KNOW YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE NUMBER!
If your score is in the Prehypertension range, your blood pressure could be a problem. Consult a physician NOW!
Hypertension can be controlled and life threatening complications can
- Less than 120/80 - Normal
- 120/80 to 139/89 - Prehypertension
- 140/90 or higher - High Blood Pressure
your score is rated as High Blood Pressure, consult your physician NOW!
With treatment complications are preventable and life expectancy
is near normal. Without proper treatment, you are at risk of
stroke, kidney disease and heart attack. Any of these conditions can cause death!
|For every 20/10 mm Hg increase in blood pressure, your risk for stroke, kidney disease or heart attack DOUBLES! According
to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Institute of
Health Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and
Treatment of High Blood Pressure.|
ARE YOU AT RISK FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?
|Your risk increases if you are:|
- Over 60 years old
- Under excessive stress
- A smoker
- A drinker (more than 2 alcohol drinks per day)
- Eating a diet high in saturated fat and sodium
- Sedentary (little or no exercise)
- Using contraceptive pills
- Using steroids, some appetite suppressants or decongestants
|Other risk factors include:|
- Family history of high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke or kidney failure
- African Americans have a higher rate of hypertension
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF
BLOOD PRESSURE CRISIS (ATTACK)
There are usually no symptoms of high blood pressure in the early stages. However, if
you have hypertension, the following symptoms could signal an attack:
- Coughing blood
- Nose bleeds
- Severe shortness of breath
if you have hypertension, work with your doctor to keep it under
control. With treatment, complications from this serious condition can
Normal life expectancy can be achieved with
lifestyle changes and/or medication. Some drugs may have side
effects. Communication with your doctor can help minimize these
effects. There are several drugs of choice and one should work well
|WHAT CAN I DO TO PREVENT AND CONTROL HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?|
a normal body weight. If you are overweight, eat a diet
low in saturated fats, sodium and cholesterol with smaller portions.
See our DIET DO's & DON'TS section.
Limit your alcohol intake:
- One drink per day for women - two drinks per day for men
Take your medication:
- Take your high blood pressure medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Reduce your sodium intake:
for a diet with less than 2.4 grams (2400mg) of sodium per day.
Here are some examples of sodium content in food:
- - Canned chicken noodle soup (850 mg)
- - Wheat bran muffins with raisins (179 mg)
- - Chocolate chip donut (560 mg)
- - Corn Flakes (203) mg
- - Fast food hamburger (534 mg) single patty, (1310 mg) quarter pounder large
- - 1 teaspoon salt of salt (2400 mg)
- - Pepperoni pizza medium slice (760 mg)
- - 3oz. cooked salmon (56 mg)