WHAT IS DIABETES?
a disease of the body's metabolism that alters its ability to make
insulin. When you have diabetes, your body has difficulty processing
fat, carbohydrates and protein efficiently.
eat, our food is converted into sugar. It then travels in the blood stream throughout
the body, supplying nourishment. In a healthy individual, insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas) regulates the
metabolism by controlling glucose levels. This process enables the
sugar to move from the blood to the body's cells, where it is used for energy.
you have diabetes, your body has difficulty making and/or responding to
insulin. Consequently, your body does not receive the fuel it needs to
carry on and sustain normal cellular functions. This is why your
blood sugar remains too high and you feel weak. Depending on your type of diabetes, you may need insulin.
Test for blood sugar levels.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIABETES?
TYPE 1 DIABETES:
If your body makes little or no insulin you have Type 1 Diabetes.
People with this form of the disease need insulin to live.
It was once referred to as Juvenile Diabetes because it was usually diagnosed in children or young adults.
INSULIN RESISTANCE or (Poor Insulin Sensitivity): In this form of the disease, your body produces insulin, however, it has difficulty getting glucose out of the blood.
PRE-DIABETES: If you are insulin resistant and your blood sugar rises slightly, you are now classified as Pre-Diabetic.
TYPE 2 DIABETES: If your blood sugar rises even higher, you have Type 2 Diabetes.
FACTS ABOUT DIABETES:
One out of ten Americans have diabetes. For people over 60 one in five have the disease.
onset diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes) is quickly reaching epidemic
proportions in the United States. An estimated 21 million
Americans have the disease. 90% have Type 2 Diabetes.
million Americans have blood sugar levels high enough to give them
"impaired glucose tolerence" which is a milder form of diabetes,
sometimes called Pre-Diabetes.
Common complications caused
by diabetes are stroke, heart disease, blindness, kidney failure,
nerve damage or amputation of toes or limbs.
ARE YOU AT RISK FOR DIABETES?
size of your waistline gives a reliable indication of your risk level
for developing the disease. If your waist line is 40 inches or
greater for men, and 35 inches or greater for women, your risk for
diabetes increases significantly.
The size of your waistline may indicate
your risk for diabetes.
Family history of diabetes
Ethnic background - Hispanic Americans, African Americans & Native Americans are all at higher risk
High blood pressure
High blood levels of triglycerides
HDL cholesterol less than 35
45 years or older
Overweight (especially around the waistline)
Impaired glucose tolerence
Diabetes during pregnancy or giving birth to a baby over 9 pounds
WHAT ARE THE WARNING SIGNS
Feeling hungry all the time
Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal.
Fatigue or feeling tired.
Hands or feet that tingle or feel numb.
Most people with diabetes are not aware that they have these symptoms.
HOW CAN I PREVENT DIABETES?
Type 1 Diabetes is not preventable.
Type 2 Diabetes may be prevented by controlling your weight and avoiding obesity. Eat healthy and stay active.
45 years or older should have their blood glucose tested every three
years. If you are in a high risk category, begin testing at a younger age and continue to do so more frequently.